Quality assurance (QA) is the process of ensuring that a product or service meets or exceeds a set of predefined quality standards. The goal of QA is to prevent defects or errors from occurring, and to identify and correct any issues that do arise as early in the development process as possible.
QA is an essential part of the product or service development lifecycle. It involves creating and implementing processes and procedures that are designed to ensure that quality standards are consistently met throughout the development process. This can include everything from establishing testing procedures and protocols to defining product specifications and requirements.
QA processes typically begin with the development of a set of quality standards and guidelines. These guidelines outline the specific quality metrics that a product or service should meet, as well as the methods that will be used to measure and evaluate quality. Once these guidelines are established, the QA team can begin designing and implementing testing procedures to identify any issues that may arise.
QA testing can take many different forms, depending on the nature of the product or service being developed. For example, in software development, QA may involve conducting automated and manual tests to identify bugs or other issues in the code. In manufacturing, QA may involve conducting product tests to ensure that each unit meets specific quality standards.